Cape Verde (officially the Republic of Cabo Verde) has ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, becoming the 109th country, plus the European Union (EU), to ratify the global agreement to reduce HFC emissions.
The ratification of the island nation – an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Western Africa – went into effect on October 28, according to the United Nation’s website.
Cape Verde is the 10th country to ratify in the last two two months, following Turkmenistan (August 31), Kyrgyzstan (September 8), Liechtenstein (September 16), Botswana (September 19), Nicaragua (September 30), Russia (October 3), Bolivia (October 9), San Marino (October 20) and Malaysia on October 21.
The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol was enacted by 197 countries (plus the EU) on October 15, 2016. It entered into force on January 1, 2019. Its goal is to achieve at least an 80% reduction in HFC consumption by 2047.
As part of the Article 5 (developing countries) Group 1, Cape Verde is required to freeze HFC production and use in 2024, with an 80% reduction by 2045.
Fully implemented, the Kigali Amendment would avoid up to 0.4°C (0.7°F) increase in the global temperature by the end of the century, according to UN estimates.
For an in-depth look at the Kigali Amendment, click here.