The Russian Federation has ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, becoming the 105th country, plus the European Union (EU), to ratify the global agreement to reduce HFC emissions.
Russia’s ratification came into effect on October 3, 2020, according to the United Nation’s website. It is the sixth country in just five weeks to ratify, following former Soviet republics Turkmenistan (August 31) and Kyrgyzstan (September 8). Liechtenstein (September 16), Botswana (September 19), and Nicaragua on September 30.
Russia is classified as a developed nation according to the Montreal Protocol, but whereas most developed nations are obliged to reduce use of HFCs by 40% in 2024, Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan have a slightly slower phase down. These countries are obliged to cut use by 5% this year, and increasing to 35% in 2025.
The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol was enacted by 197 countries (plus the EU) on October 15, 2016. It entered into force on January 1, 2019. Its goal is to achieve at least an 80% reduction in HFC consumption by 2047.
Fully implemented, the amendment would avoid up to 0.4°C (0.7°F) increase in the global temperature by the end of the century, according to UN estimates.
For an in-depth look at the Kigali Amendment, click here.