By Ntsako Khosa
Zambia has ratified the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol, becoming the 114th country, plus the European Union (EU), to ratify the global agreement to reduce HFC emissions.
The nation’s ratification went into effect on March 15, 2021, according to the United Nations website. Zambia joins other African countries like Eswatini, Angola, Botswana, and Sierra Leone that have recently ratified the amendment.
As part of the Article 5 (developing countries) Group 1, Zambia is required to freeze HFC production and use in 2024, with an 80% reduction by 2045.
Fully implemented, the Kigali Amendment would avoid up to 0.4°C (0.7°F) increase in the global temperature by the end of the century, according to UN estimates.
The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol was enacted by 197 countries (plus the EU) in October 2016. It entered into force on January 1, 2019. Its goal is to achieve at least an 80% reduction in HFC consumption by 2047.
For an in-depth look at the Kigali Amendment, click here.